At the time Hellenistic and Roman people would wake up in the sunshine and after make them pray in the morning, they left to work. With layer of sun, they went home, ate and went to bed. Very few people were still sleeping in bed after the sunshine. Because for them, to live means to be awake. By the anniversary days, acceptance of a child has the family, acceptance of a boy as a man, dies or them holidays they had continued to live like that.
holidays they had continued to live like that. … life was a little different. Because there were several different social events. Like participating in state administration, participating in at the session and debates on certain subject, music, theater and as sport.
Basically of astrology, the year was divided by 12 months. The week was also divided by 7 depending on the planets. Hipparchos was dividing 24 hour day 2. Century before Jesus. But People did not use much in the Hellenistic world. For them 12 o’clock with the sun was the day, 12 o’clock with the dark was the night. The day had started with the sun. The hour of the sun (Gnamon) was invented in Babylon in the 6th century BC. With the relation between Hellens and East of the World, it was brought to the Hellenistic world at the same year she had started using. The hour of the sun formed by 12 lines trace on a block of convex marble (polo shirts) and a bronze rod (Gnamon) was developed assembly lines. Between two lines was symbolized the duration of an hour. The wand shadow had shown us the time. At first 12 Hellenistic letters were signifying hours. Like Alfa, Beta, Gama etc.)
After layer of sun, it was not possible to learn the time. In the name of Klepsydra (hourglass), the water hour was started used in wealthy houses in from last quarter of 5th century BC. The Romans made start the day from midnight (00:00). They were dividing by 3 division the period after sunshine: MANE (in the morning), the part between 3. Time and 6. ANTE MERIDIEN time (before noon), between 6. Hour and 10. time to MERIDIEN (noon, afternoon), from 10. Time until sunset SUPREMA (night). From sunshine at the end of 7. Hours, MERIDIATIO was starting, it was time to rest. For 1 hour, either a slave or a lord, all the Romans have been resting.
Courts began with DE MERIDIEN. The daytime hours were indicated with the hour of the sun (Gnamon) from 3rd century BC, from 159 after Jesus by the hour of the water (Klepsydra). They used the water hour during rainy and foggy days. This hour formed by a glass cylinder, the hours were indicated by traces. What they had water time therefore she was a symbol of wealth. In Roman times, from Julius Caesar (46 BC) they had started using the Gregorian calendar. The month names were Januarius = January, Febraruaris = February, Martius = March, Aprilis = April, Maius = May, Junius = June, Julius = July, August = August, September = September, October = October, November = November, December = December. The names of the days of the week, they are put by the names planets and symbolizes the gods. First day of the week was Sunday (Solis = the day of the sun), 2. day was Monday (Lunae = The day of the moon), 3. Day was Tuesday (Martis = The day of March), 4. day was Wednesday (Mercurii = the mercury day), 5.day was Thursday (Iove = Jupiter’s day), 6.day was Friday (Veneris = the day of Venus), 7. Day was Saturday (Saturni = The day of Saturn)
One day in the time Roman, a lord rose with the sun, accepted greetings children and slaves and all together he made them pray. After give the orders of the day’s work to the slaves and to the character of home, he was beginning to accept his visitors and clients. Visitors greeted the Lord by raising his right hand and saying AVE DOMINE, if he was a respectable visitor so the lord had accepted his greeting with a hand sign. Towards the end of times of empire, the visitors like slaves, bowed down at the feet of the lord, kissing their hand.
Families wealthy had a large farm called LATIFENDIUM. Workers of this farm were called METAYER who greeted their lord by saying DOMINUS and they presented farm foods. The bosses also wore gifts for them.
The life of the Roman city was more colorful than the Hellens. There were more parties at Roman. The holidays were like; Compitalia (between 3-5 January, The days of the gods), Matronalia (January 11, The feast of women), Caristia (February 22, day of loving Cognates), Fortuna Virilis (April 1, the lucky day of men), Floralia (early May, the spring festival), Bona Dea (June 11, the day of fertility), Vinalia (August 19, the wine festival), Saturnalia (between December 17-19, the feast of the gods). To everyone, on the day of celebrating, wear the gown for men was very important. That day too they sacrificed animals, gave gifts and feasts.