Questions and Answer about Ephesus Archeological Site
- Why was Ephesus abandoned?
Sadly, Ephesus died, as you can tell, and was abandoned. The reason was silt build up in the harbor, which eventually reached the point where no ship could reach the city. Without ships, trade died. Without trade, the city died.
The semi-circular white blob in the top middle is a huge amphitheater with astounding acoustics. I know, I’ve walked these ruins. The almost-horizontal white line running from the amphitheater is the road to where the docks used to be. The left end of the road, which seems to stop abruptly, is where the docks would be if silt had not destroyed the harbor.
- How old is Ephesus?
Ephesus was founded as an Attic-Ionian colony in the 10th century BC on a hill (now known as the Ayasuluk Hill), three kilometers (1.9 miles) from the center of ancient Ephesus.
- Why is Ephesus important?
Ephesus remained the most important city of the Byzantine Empire in Asia after Constantinople in the 5th and 6th centuries. The loss of its harbor caused Ephesus to lose its access to the Aegean Sea, which was important for trade.
- Where Ephesus Archeological Site is located?
It is located near the city of Selçuk in Izmir in Turkey.