Ephesus chronology begins from 7.000 BC and never ends. Today is the most visitable ancient city in Turkey. With the 2019 year statistics almost 2 million visitors in the past year. The exact number is 1 million 810 thousand 791 persons visited.
Chronologically, Ephesus hosted to different civilizations, cultures, traditions many times.
Ephesus chronology 1. Part
The oldest settlements around Ephesus are Çukuriçi and Arvalya Tumulus at the time 7.000 BC and 3.000 BC
Hittite King Mursilis’ fighting Arzawa and Apasa King Uhhazitis and bringing their settlements together. Mycenaean tomb in Ayasuluk Hill. 2nd half of 14th c. BC.
Ephesus chronology 2. Part
During the Ionian migration, the Athenian Prince Androklos invaded Koressos, where the Kraians lived, and the Ionian immigrants were placed in the Gulf of Kaystros. 11 c. BC
The presence of Smyrna settlement in Ephesus 2nd half of the 8th c. BC
The occupation of the Cimmerians under the command of King Lygdamis 645 BC
Tirana Pythagoras’ temple mana to Artemis 2nd half of 7 c. BC.
The beginning of local coin printing during the period of the second Tirana Melas, the son-in-law of the King of Lydia Alyatles (lion-claw small electron coins) Circa 600 BC
The domination of King Kroisos to Ephesus: The construction of the Archaic Artemision and the reorganization of the city around it 560 BC
Ephesus enters Persian domination 2nd half of the 6.c. BC
The Kimon Peace between Athens and the Persians, Ephesus joining the Attica-Delos Naval Union 466 BC.
3. Part of Chronology
The Artemis temple was burned by a mental patient named Herostratos according to ancient sources 356 BC.
Ephesus people rejected the offer of Alexander the Great to come to Ephesus and rebuild the Temple of Artemis. 334 BC.
The reconstruction of Ephesus City as Arsinoeia by King Lysimachos. The death of Lysiamachos in the Battle of Kurupedion. Ephesus came under the Seleucid dynasty. 319-281 BC.
Philadelphos’ capture of Ephesus from the Ptolemy Dynasty 260 BC.
The third Antioehos from the Seleucid Dynasty ended the domination of the Ptolemy Dynasty in Ephesus. 197 BC.
Iulius Caesar’s visit to Ephesus and prevention of Artemision from being looted by former Proconsul T. Ampline Balbus. 48 BC.
Major demolition and reconstruction of the city in the earthquake 23 AC.
The establishment of the Christian Center of St. Paulos in Ephesus, Sarraf Demetrios provoked a rightful rebellion against St. Paulos. The coming of biblical writer Aziz Lukas to Ephesus. 53-55 AC.
Emperor Traianus’ visit to Ephesus 113-114 AC
Emperor Hadrian’s first visit to Ephesus 124 AC.
Antoninus Pius, who would later become Emperor, became a proconsul in Ephesus 135-136 AC.
Emperor Lucius Verus arrives at Ephesus. Parthian Campaign 162-163 AC.
A severe earthquake in Ephesus: great damage to Artemision and looting by Goth gangs. End of coin printing and neocorate period 262 AC.
The major construction of the city 4c. AC.
The 3rd Ecumenical Council Meeting was held in Ephesus with the participation of Patriarch Memnon: The announcement of the Virgin Mary is Theotokos (the Mother of God, who gave birth to God). 431 AC
The first attack of Arabs under the command of Commander, after this, the whole of the psychosis. Moving to St. Jean Church 654-655 AC
Ayasuluk was taken over by the Anatolian Seljuks and became the center of the Aydınoğulları Principality; The beginning of the Ottoman domination at the beginning of the 15th century 1300 AC
The name of the city was named Selçuk 1923 and later.