- On April 19, 2016
- In Turkey
Lifetime at Roman and Hellenistic Period
The daily life and Nutrition
In the Hellenistic and Roman times, people rose by sunshine and after doing their pray in the morning, they went to work. With layer of the sun, they returned home, ate and have been layers. Very few people were still asleep in bed after sunshine. For them, living mean being awake. A birthday by the day, accepting a child to the family, accepting a boy like a man, dies or on holidays they had continued to live like that.
In the city, life was a little different. Because there were many different social events. As participation in the state administration, participate in a session and the debates on certain topic, music, theater and as a sport.
On the basis of astrology, the year was divided by 12 months. The week was also divided by 7 according to the planets. Hipparchus divided 24 hours of day 2. Century BC. But people did not use much in the Hellenistic world. For them 12 hours with the sun was the day, with 12 hours of darkness was night. The day was begun by the sun. The hour of sunlight (Gnamon) was invented in Babylon in the 6th century BC. With the relationship between Hellens and Eastern world, she was brought to the Hellenistic world in the same year, she had begun to use. The hour of the sun formed by 12 lines trace on a convex block of marble (polo shirts) and a bronze wand (Gnamon) was developed Trooping of the lines. Between two lines was symbolizes the duration of one hour. The strip of shadow had shown us time. The first 12 Hellenistic letters had meant hours. As Alfa, Beta, Gama etc.)
After layer of the sun, it was not possible to learn the time. On behalf of Klepsydra (hourglass), the time the water had begun using in rich houses from the last quarter of 5th century before Jesus. The Romans begin the day at midnight (00h00). They were divided by 3 division the post sunshine: MANE (morning), the party of 6. 3. Time and time ANTE MERIDIEN (before noon), between 6 and 10. Time hour OF MERIDIAN (noon, afternoon), from 10 time to the sun layer SUPREMA (evening). From sunshine at the end of 7. Time, MERIDIATIO beginning, it was time to rest. For 1 hour, a slave is a Lord, all the Romans were based.
The courts began with OF MERIDIAN. Schedules day was indicated with the time the sun (Gnamon) from 3rd century BC, from 159 AD by the hour water (Klepsydra). They used the time to water during the rainy and foggy days. This time formed by a glass cylinder, was indicated by the hours the tracks. They had time to water so it was a symbol of wealth. In Roman times, from Julius Caesar (46 BC.) They began using the Gregorian calendar. The names of the months were Januarius = January, Febraruaris = February Martius = March, Aprilis = April, Maius = Mai, Junius = June, Julius = July, August = August, September = September, October = October, November = November, December = December. The names of the days of the week, they are put in the names of the planets and symbolizes the gods. First day of the week was Sunday (Solis = the day of the sun), 2. day was Monday (Lunae = Day of the Moon) 3. Day was Tuesday (the day of Martis = Mars), 4. day was Wednesday (Mercurii = the day of mercury) 5. day was Thursday (Iove = the day of Jupiter), 6. day was Friday (Venus Veneris = day), 7. day was Saturday (Saturni = the day of Saturn).
If you want to learn more, visit Ephesus with our guide. And explore more Ancient Life and Ancient World.