Canakkale

History

The ruins of Troy from ancient times are within the borders of the city. The first settlement in the region dates back to the Copper Age, about 6000 years ago. However, not much is known about the identity of the city and the characteristics of the people living in this period. According to excavations and various researches, the first permanent settlement trace in the region was found around Kumtepe. Kumtepe mound, dated between 4.800 and 4.000 BC, has layers containing traces of various settlements after this date.┬á Excavations in the region were first carried out in 1934 by J.L. of the University of Cincinnati. Caskey and J. Sperling. Troia, founded in 3000 BC, was destroyed in 2500 BC as a result of an earthquake.┬á ├çanakkale region, whose tribal balance changed with various migrations in the following centuries, came under the domination of the Lydians in the 7th century BC. B.C. Persian rule started in the region in the middle of the 6th century. [9] Darius and Xerxes, one of the important emperors of the Persians, saw the region as a strategic point and aimed to keep it in their hands. According to the Greek historian Herodotus, Xerxes was the first bridge to cross the Dardanelles to Europe. As a result of the King’s Peace between Spartans and Persians in 386 BC, Persians strengthened their dominance in the region.┬á In 334 BC, Macedonian King Alexander the Great wanted to seize this region from Persians. To this end, the two armies met each other in the Kocaba┼č Stream (Granikos), near Karabiga, passing the Dardanelles Strait and the Persians left the region under the rule of Alexander the Great and they had to withdraw from the region in the face of the great defeat they took. However, upon the sudden death of Alexander, Antigonos, one of his famous commanders, started to rule the region. Before he could rule for a long time, the Galatians of Celtic origin from the Balkans settled in the region. King of Pergamum III in 133 BC. ├çanakkale, which came under Roman rule upon the will of Attalos, was later attached to the state of Asia.┬á After the Roman Empire was divided into East and West in 395, the region came under the domination of the Eastern Roman Empire, later known as Byzantium. Emperor Justinian built a castle in the Sestos region near modern Eceabat in order to control the strait. The first Turkish domination in the region started at the end of the 11th century with the expeditions of ├çaka Bey, the famous naval commander. The Turkish domination, which continued with the Karesi Principality afterward, started an Ottoman period in the region, which would last for about 6 centuries when the principality joined the Ottoman Empire in 1361 without war.

Tourism

Although ├çanakkale and other districts are rich in historical and natural beauties, the region attracts fewer tourists than it should be, and there is not much investment in tourism.┬á Thousands of people from Australia and New Zealand are coming from Australia and New Zealand on Anzac Day, which is held every year on April 25. tourists flock to the region, tourism generally focuses on Gallipoli, where the ├çanakkale Wars took place, Troy Ancient City, which hosted the Trojan War, and Assos Ancient City. Although it is suitable for sea tourism, there is not much structuring in this direction. The number of 5-star hotels within the borders of ├çanakkale is only 1. G├Âk├žeada and Bozcaada, which are also in ├çanakkale, attract tourists.

In the province of Çanakkale, since 1963, the International Troia Festival has been held every August and various artistic activities are carried out. The International Çanakkale Biennale, held every two years, is a candidate event to contribute to the culture, art, and tourism of Çanakkale.