Troy or Troy (Hittite: Vilusa or Truvisa, Greek: Τροία [Troia] or Ίλιον [Ilion], Latin: Troia or Ilium), Hittite: Wilusa or Truwisa; Mount Ida (Ida) is a historical city. It is located within the borders of Çanakkale province, in the archaeological area, today called Hisarlık.
It is a city located just south of the southwestern mouth of the Dardanelles and northwest of Kaz Mountain. It is the ancient city where the mentioned Trojan War took place in the Iliad, one of the two verse epics thought to have been written by Homer.
Most of the artifacts found in the ancient city discovered by the German amateur archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann around the village of Tevfikiye in the 1870s were smuggled abroad. Works today Turkey, Germany, and exhibited in several museums in Russia. The ancient city has been on the World Heritage List since 1998 and has been in the status of National Park since 1996.
First of all, the city close to the sea like the ancient cities of Ephesus and Milet was established as a port city in the south of the Dardanelles Strait. In time, due to the alluvium carried by the Karamenderes river to the city shores, it moved away from the sea and lost its importance. That is why, after the natural disasters and attacks, it was not resettled and abandoned.
The Trojans replaced the Herakleid dynasty of Sardis and ruled Anatolia for 505 years until the reign of the Lydian Kingdom of Candaules (735-718 BC). Ionians, Cimmerians, Phrygians, Miletians spread in Anatolia after them, and then the Persian invasion came in 546 BC.
The ancient city of Troy is identified with the temple of Athena. During the Persian sovereignty, the emperor Serhas I came to the city before crossing the Dardanelles during the Greek expedition and sacrificed to this temple, it is also stated in historical sources that Alexander the Great visited the city during his struggle against the Persians and donated his armor to the temple of Athena
The Trojan horse is a wooden horse that is made to enter the city secretly in order to end the war and given to the other party to be put inside the city walls. The work, which was Odysessus’s idea, is presented as a gift to the Trojans on the empty wooden horse. Unaware of the soldiers hidden inside the horse, the Trojans carry the monument to the city and start the celebrations. In the evening, the soldiers go out and start the pillage of the city. The term Trojan horse becomes so widespread that it is also used as an idiom . It is not known whether the Trojan horse actually exists. Although it is in the story told by Homer, there are also historians who consider this to be a metaphor. According to these historians, the Trojan horse was not really built, and it is thought that the horse, the symbol of Poseidon, also the earthquake god, was used by Homer as a metaphor for the incident of entering the Trojan walls destroyed by the earthquake.