Urla

Urla is a district of Turkey’s Izmir province. Güzelbahçe and Seferihisar are located in the east of the district, Çeşme in the west, Karaburun and the Aegean Sea in the northwest, İzmir Bay in the north and the Aegean Sea in the south.

Urla contains the ruins of the old Ionian Klazomenai city. There is a trace of this name in the old name of Güzelbahçe (Klizman), which is still used. This city, which was named Bryela (The Woman of God – Virgin Mary) in the Byzantine period, was later called Vourla (Reeds in Greek), probably with a consonant transposition. The name Urla probably originated from this name.

History

During the archaeological researches conducted in Urla, it was revealed that the Limantepe Mound in Iskele District was a center that can be dated back to 4000 BC. One of the most important finds is the city port and it is considered to be one of the oldest known ports of the Aegean Sea. The ancient city of Klazomenai is also located in the port area. The city has been an important trade center especially with olive oil production in Antiquity.

Urla met the Turkish sovereignty for the first time in the 1330s with the Aydınoğulları Principality and joined the Ottoman lands at the end of the 14th century. Urla was included in the foundation structure that covered the income of the complex built by Ayşe Hafsa Sultan in Manisa in the 16th century. Denizli Mahallesi Mosque, Kamanlı Mosque, Sungurlular Mosque, Hacı Turan Kapan Mosque, and Fatih İbrahim Bey Mosque and Hacı Turan Fountain are Turkish works made in the 15th and 16th centuries.