In the morning we are moving to Izmir and reaching the lake of Bafa. We travel around the lake with you and give you a photo break. We go to Heraklia Antique City. The Athena Temple is one of the best-preserved structures in the city, located on rocky terrain behind the harbor. The Agora at the east of the Athena Tapinagin is two stories, and today the first one survives. The places of the ages in the ages and the Inns are unknown. The walls on the south side show very nice stone workmanship.
Bafa Lake is the largest natural lake in the Aegean Region, located in the southeast of the Menderes Delta, within the provincial borders of Aydın and Muğla. The northern part is in Aydın and the southern part is in the southwest of the Beşparmak Mountains (formerly Latmos Mountain), which is within the borders of Muğla.
Bafa Lake is of great importance worldwide in terms of its geographical richness, historical and archaeological values.
Our aim is to promote Turkey’s most important nature Bafa Lake is one of the parks and the environment of such richness and awe-inspiring natural beauty of Turkey and worldwide, protect and improve is to highlight the importance of tourism and encouraging.
Bafa, which was a bay (Latmos Bay) in ancient times, later separated from the sea with the alluvium brought by the Büyük Menderes River and turned into a lake.
The surface area of Bafa Lake is 60 – 70 km2; is two meters above sea level. Surrounded by mountains on three sides, the deepest part of the lake is 25 meters. The main water resources of the lake are the Büyük Menderes River and the underground and surface waters coming from the surrounding mountains. The water of the lake is slightly salty. The surrounding lake, where typical Mediterranean vegetation is observed, is covered with olive groves, forest and maquis.
Bafa Lake contains the characteristic features of the Büyük Menderes Delta ecosystem.
Bafa Lake Nature Park is an important shelter, feeding and breeding area for many endangered bird species due to its being a shallow lake and rich vegetation. It is of great importance for wintering water birds.
Bafa Lake Natural Park flamingo (Phonicopterusruber), crested pelican (Pelecanus crispus), dwarf cormorant (Phalacrocorax pygmeus), white-tailed eagle (Aythya nyroca), white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla), steppe gull (Circus macrourus), pink beak , gray bunting (Emberiza cineracae), little clumsy goose (Anser erythropus), summer duck (Marmaronetta angustirostris), great forest eagle (Aquila clanga), imperial eagle (Aquila heliaca), red kestrel (Falco naumanni), sociable lapwing (Vanellus gregarius) ), is home to approximately 260 different bird species.
Lake Bafa contains 325 plant species in total such as campanula (Campanula hagielia), spring star (Gysophila confertifolia), mange grass (Alyssum hirsutum), spurge (Euphorbia falcata), yoghurt (Galium brevifolium), cattle tail.
On the other hand, the fact that the lake is very rich in aquatic plants allows many fish species to live in the lake. In the lake, which is important for fishing; There are species with commercial value such as eel (Anguilla anguilla), silverfish (Atherina boyeri), sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax), mullet (Mugil cephalus), sea bream.
Bafa Lake is a Nature Park and a Protected Area due to its biological diversity and archaeological values. In addition to its protection status, it is a potential Ramsar Area (Wetland of International Importance) due to the fact that it hosts hundreds of thousands of water and birds, especially in winter.
There are archaeological sites around the lake that date back to 10,000 years. The ancient city of Heraklia is within the borders of Bafa Lake. There are many historical buildings such as Athena Temple, Agora, Council Building, Bath, Theater, Nymphaion (fountain building), Endymion Temple on the southwest slopes of Beşparmak Mountains.
Next, we give lunch and collect our energy and our next stop is Kapıkırı Village. From here you can take a one-hour lake tour with small boats. The boats are taking you to the island where the birds abound and the villagers call the Bird Island. Then we return to Izmir and say goodbye to you.